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Opinion: 50 years ago, I helped invent the internet. How did it go so wrong? | Los Angeles Times

Leonard Kleinrock, a distinguished professor of computer science at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering writes an op-ed on how the internet can return to principles that it is “ethical, open, trusted, free, shared.”

The Internet at 50: ‘We Didn’t See the Dark Side Emerging’ | New York Times

On Oct. 29, 1969, in a windowless room at U.C.L.A. a message was sent to the Stanford Research Center from a very large machine. It was supposed to be “login,” but only the first two letters transmitted. So, the message was, simply, “lo.” “We had no idea — we had nothing ready, because all we wanted to do was to log in,” Leonard Kleinrock, one of the men who sent that message, told me last week. “But we couldn’t have asked for a more succinct, more prophetic, more powerful message than, ‘lo.’”

Lo and behold: The internet | UC Newsroom 

Led by UCLA computer scientist Leonard Kleinrock, a small group of students and researchers had assembled in a basement lab at the engineering school to see if they could send a message between two networked computers, one at UCLA, and the other at the Stanford Research Institute, several hundred miles away.

50 years ago today, the internet was born in Room 3420 | Fast Company

Here’s the story of the creation of ARPANET, the groundbreaking precursor to the internet—as told by the people who were there.

The Rising Threat of Digital Nationalism | Wall Street Journal

Fifty years ago this week, at 10:30 on a warm night at the University of California, Los Angeles, the first email was sent. It was a decidedly local affair. A man sat in front of a teleprinter connected to an early precursor of the internet known as Arpanet and transmitted the message “login” to a colleague in Palo Alto. The system crashed; all that arrived at the Stanford Research Institute, some 350 miles away, was a truncated “lo.”

‘First Internet connection’ made over military ARPANET 50 years ago | UPI

Oct. 29 (UPI) — Tuesday marks the 50th anniversary of a milestone event that helped shape the modern Internet — the first-ever computer linkup and the first electronic message sent over the U.S. Defense Department system, known then as ARPANET.

Happy birthday, dear internet: You’re 50 years old! | NBC TODAY

In the latest installment of “Mr. Smith Goes To…”, NBC’s Harry Smith joins TODAY with a special essay for a special occasion: the 50th anniversary of the internet. It’s come a long way since its humble origins at UCLA, when a network of primitive computers crashed before a simple message could be typed. The TODAY anchors talk about things the internet has made obsolete, like encyclopedias, phone books and beepers.

On the 50th anniversary of the birth of the internet, technologists balance optimism and warnings | NBC News

“I predict that the internet will evolve into a pervasive global nervous system,” Leonard Kleinrock, Internet Hall of Fame member and professor of computer science at UCLA, told Pew. “The internet will be everywhere, available on a continuous basis, and will be invisible in the sense that it will disappear into the infrastructure, just as electricity is, in many ways, invisible.”

The story behind the birth of the internet on the third floor of Boelter Hall | Daily Bruin

The Daily Bruin’s feature on the Internet’s 50th anniversary includes interviews with Kleinrock, alumnus Charley Kline, who was part of Kleinrock’s research group, and Professor George Varghese.

Fifty years of the internet: What we learned, and where will we go next? | Tech Crunch

When my team of graduate students and I sent the first message over the internet on a warm Los Angeles evening in October, 1969, little did we suspect that we were at the start of a worldwide revolution. After we typed the first two letters from our computer room at UCLA, namely, “Lo” for “Login,” the network crashed.

This man sent the first online message 50 years ago. He’s since seen the web’s dark side emerge |CBC The Current:

“The idea of the network was you could sit at one computer, log on through the network to a remote computer and use its services there,” Leonard Kleinrock, distinguished professor of computer science at UCLA, told The Current’s interim host Laura Lynch.

50 Years Ago Today, the First Internet Message Was Dispatched from UCLA | Los Angeles magazine

The world wide web wouldn’t be possible without ARPANET, a government-funded research effort launched at UCLA in 1969. Leonard Kleinrock, a professor of computer science at the university and one of the “fathers of the internet,” takes us back to 3420 Boelter Hall and the day interconnectivity changed forever.

50 years after internet conception, dark side stirs fear | AFP

As UCLA marks the anniversary, Kleinrock is opening a new lab devoted to all things related to the internet — particularly mitigating some of its unintended consequences on the internet which is now used by some four billion people worldwide.

The Room Where It Happened |Popular Mechanics

On October 29, 1969, in this room at UCLA, a student programmer sent the first message using ARPANET, a precursor to the modern internet. The message didn’t go well. The programmer, Charley Kline, got halfway through the word login before the program crashed. It wasn’t a great start.

5 milestones that created the internet 50 years after the first network message | PRI; The Conversation

Fifty years ago, a UCLA computer science professor and his student sent the first message over the predecessor to the internet, a network called ARPANET.

The internet is now 50 years old. The first online message? It was a typo | USA Today

Fifty years ago, two letters were transmitted online, forever altering the way that knowledge, information and communication would be exchanged. On Oct. 29, 1969, Leonard Kleinrock, a professor of computer science at UCLA, and his graduate student Charley Kline wanted to send a transmission from UCLA’s computer to another computer at Stanford Research Institute through ARPANET, the precursor to what we now know as the internet.

Are you coming to the party dressed as an IMP? ARPANET @ 50 | The Register

It is 50 years today since the first message was sent on the ARPANET, a precursor of the internet as we know it today. The Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET) can trace its roots back to 1962 and MIT computer scientist Joseph Licklider’s “Galactic Network” concept. Around the same time, Leonard Kleinrock, also at MIT, published an early paper on packet-switching theory.

‘We’re losing our ability to think’: Internet pioneer Leonard Kleinrock on how his creation has transformed the world | The Telegraph

To some extent computers are the worst enemy of critical thinking,” says Leonard Kleinrock. He is sitting in his book-encrusted office at the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA), surrounded by mementos of a world-changing career.

The First Message Transmission | ICANN

NOTE: Fifty years ago, two things happened that changed the world. First a human being set foot on the moon, then three months later a simple message between two computers marked an important step in the development of the Internet. In this special guest blog, Dr. Leonard Kleinrock of UCLA, a legendary Internet pioneer, tells the behind the scenes story of what happened leading up to that special day in the development of one of the greatest communication tools humankind has ever developed.

How We Misremember the Internet’s Origins | New Republic

50 years after the first ARPANET message, pop culture still views connectivity as disconnected from the political worldview that produced it.

50 Years Ago Today, the First Internet Message Was Dispatched from UCLA | Los Angeles Magazine

The world wide web wouldn’t be possible without ARPANET, a government-funded research effort launched at UCLA in 1969. Leonard Kleinrock, a professor of computer science at the university and one of the “fathers of the internet,” takes us back to 3420 Boelter Hall and the day interconnectivity changed forever.

Here’s the Internet’s ‘Birth Certificate’ From 50 Years Ago Today | Gizmodo 

Fifty years ago today, on October 29, 1969, the internet was born. It was a humble beginning—a single login from a computer terminal at UCLA in Los Angeles to the Stanford Research Institute (SRI) in the Bay Area. But it was a tiny baby step that would eventually catapult the world into the information age.

The internet was born 50 years ago with a nonsense message |CNET

What we call the internet today, with its power to move elections, economies and Hyundai Elantras to our designated Uber pickup location, can be traced back to a tiny network with just four nodes: at the University of California, Los Angeles; the Stanford Research Institute; UC Santa Barbara; and the University of Utah. The first message sent over that network, on Oct. 29, 1969, was just two letters: LO.

Peter Thiel says Elon Musk is a ‘negative role model’ because he’s too hard to emulate | CNBC 

Facebook board member and Presidential Donald Trump supporter Peter Thiel called Elon Musk a “negative role model” because his many innovations make him difficult to emulate. Thiel, who called himself a “good friend” of the Tesla and SpaceX CEO, made the comment during a debate on stage at UCLA’s Internet50 event Tuesday. Thiel was debating Robert Metcalfe, a professor of innovation and entrepreneurship at the University of Texas at Austin, on the question, “Has true innovation stalled?”

50 years ago today, the Internet was born. Sort of | ArsTechnica

On October 29, 1969, at 10:30pm Pacific Time, the first two letters were transmitted over ARPANET. And then it crashed. About an hour later, after some debugging, the first actual remote connection between two computers was established over what would someday evolve into the modern Internet.

Blog post | American Libraries

On October 29, 1969, the internet era began as UCLA Computer Science Professor Len Kleinrock sent the first message on ARPANET, a network of computers that would evolve to become the internet. Five decades later, and 30 years since the World Wide Web brought the internet into the mainstream, global digital connectivity has fundamentally changed our world. Marking the anniversary, Tim Berners-Lee said: “A year ago, I called for a new Contract for the Web, bringing together governments, companies, and citizen groups to come up with a clear plan of action to protect the web as a force for good. In a month’s time that plan will be ready.”

As internet turns 50, more risks and possibilities emerge | San Francisco Chronicle

We occupy a richly connected world. On the internet we collapse distance and shift time. But this internet that delivers mail, connects us with friends, lets us work anywhere and shop from the palm of the hand, is a mere 50 years old, slightly younger than Jennifer Aniston and Matt Perry. On Oct. 29, 1969, UCLA computer science Professor Leonard Kleinrock was supervising programming student Charley Kline, who sent a message from his school’s computer to a computer in Douglas Engelbart’s laboratory at Stanford Research Institute in Menlo Park.

Welcome to Year 50 of the Information Age | Wired

“Lo.” That was the first message to cross the internet, in 1969, sent from a router at UCLA to one at Menlo Park. And behold! Here we are. Year 50 of the information age, when nearly every human (and an increasing number of otherwise inanimate objects) live, willingly or not, simultaneously, in physical space—IRL—and a digital one.

*Special Edition* 50th Anniversary: Birth of the Internet (1969): October 29, 2019 |

From University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) webpage for Professor Leonard Kleinrock, The Day the Infant Internet Uttered its First Words: “Below is a record of the first message ever sent over the ARPANET. It took place at 22:30 hours on October 29, 1969. This record is an excerpt from the “IMP Log” that was kept at UCLA. Professor Kleinrock was supervising his student/programmer Charley Kline (CSK) and they set up a message transmission to go from the UCLA SDS Sigma 7 Host computer to another programmer, Bill Duvall, at the SRI [Stanford Research Institute] SDS 940 Host computer.

Celebrating American Innovation: The 50th Anniversary of the Birth of the Internet |

On October 29, 1969, researchers working under the U.S. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency sent the first host-to-host message between laboratories at the University of California Los Angeles and the Stanford Research Institute. This marked the birth of the Internet as we know it. Today, more than half the world’s population is online and the Internet contributes trillions to the global economy.

NSF and the Birth of the Internet | NSF (blog post)


Tim Berners-Lee warns internet’s power for good is ‘under threat’ | Belfast Telegraph

Sir Tim urged governments, campaign groups and individuals to back a new plan from his foundation to make the internet safe, fair and accessible to all. The computer scientist spoke out on the 50th anniversary of the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) professor Len Kleinrock sending the first message on the Arpanet network of computers, which would eventually become the internet.

The internet was born 50 years ago — this timeline tracks the rise of tech giants like Microsoft, Apple and Amazon | Marketwatch 

What a difference half a century makes. On Oct. 29, 1969, a UCLA computer science professor and a graduate student sent the first digital transmission from their computer to another one at the Stanford Research Institute. That first “L” and “O” (intended to be “login,” but the system crashed after sending the second letter of the word) sent across California through the ARPANET network of academic computers was the forerunner of the internet as we know it today.

The Invisible Internet | Internet Society

Editor’s Note: Fifty years ago today, on October 29th, 1969, a team at UCLA started to transmit five letters to the Stanford Research Institute: LOGIN. It’s an event that we take for granted now – communicating over a network – but it was historic. It was the first message sent over the ARPANET, one of the precursors to the Internet. UCLA computer science professor Leonard Kleinrock and his team sent that first message. In this anniversary guest post, Professor Kleinrock shares his vision for what the Internet might become

An Interview with Leonard Kleinrock | Communications of the ACM

Leonard Kleinrock, developer of the mathematical theory behind packet switching, has the unique distinction of having supervised the transmission of the first message between two computers. As a doctoral student at MIT in the early 1960s, Kleinrock extended the mathematical discipline of queuing theory to networks, providing a mathematical description of packet switching, in which a data stream is packetized by breaking it into a sequence of fixed-length segments (packets). ACM Fellow Kleinrock has received many awards for his work, including the National Medal of Science, the highest honor for achievement in science bestowed by a U.S. president.

The First 50 Years of Living Online: ARPANET and Internet | Computer History Museum

On the evening of October 29, 1969, two young programmers sat at computer terminals 350 miles apart: Charley Kline at UCLA and Bill Duvall at the Stanford Research Institute (SRI) in Northern California. Kline was trying to login to Duvall’s computer. “The first thing I typed was an L,” Kline says. Over the phone, Duvall told Kline he had gotten it. “I typed the O, and he got the O.” Then Kline typed the G. “And he had a bug and it crashed.” And that was it. The first message between hosts on the new network was “lo.” The bug was quickly fixed, and the connection fully up before they went home.

UCLA Commemorates 50th Anniversary of the Internet | Beverly Hills Courier

The UCLA Samueli School of Engineering will celebrate the 50th anniversary of the birth of the internet with a public event that brings together the pioneers of the network with some of today’s leading visionaries. “Internet 50: From Founders to Futurists” will take place from 8:30 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. on Oct. 29 at UCLA’s Royce Hall.

The internet was supposed to be a utopia. 50 years on, what happened? | New Scientist

IT BEGAN – some would say, as it meant to go on – with an error message. Late on the evening of 29 October 1969, student programmer Charles Kline attempted to send some text from a computer at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), to another at the Stanford Research Institute, more than 500 kilometers up the Californian coast.

From dial-up to 5G: a complete guide to logging on to the internet | QZ

The world would not be what it has become today without the internet. It touches just about every aspect of how we live, work, socialize, shop, and play. But access to the internet is a recent phenomenon that’s reshaped the world in a stunningly short amount of time. In just a few decades, the internet has gone from a novel way for the US military to keep in touch to the always-connected heartbeat of the human race. With each passing year, more and more people have gained access to the internet—here’s how they’ve logged on.

And ‘Lo!’ – How the internet was born | BBC

Arpa had been founded early in 1958 but was quickly eclipsed by Nasa, leading Aviation Week magazine to dismiss it as “a dead cat hanging in the fruit closet”. Nevertheless, Arpa muddled on – and in 1966, Taylor and Arpa were about to plant the seed of something big.

Exclusive: Internet pioneer Kleinrock returns to fix what ails the internet | ZDNet

Fifty years after sending the first internet message, scientist Leonard Kleinrock has gone back to the drawing board with a plan for how to save the internet from fake news and abusive social networks and everything else that ails it. Kleinrock spoke with ZDNet in an exclusive interview about his plans for a new blockchain based on personal reputation.

School of engineering hosts a daylong event celebrating internet’s 50th birthday | Daily Bruin

Mark Cuban, Jameela Jamil and Ashton Kutcher were among the many noted speakers that celebrated the 50th anniversary of the internet with UCLA on Tuesday. Tuesday marked the 50th anniversary of when graduate student Charley Kine, working under UCLA distinguished computer science professor Leonard Kleinrock sent a data transmission over a computer network, laying the groundwork for what later became known as the internet.

Internet founders call for cyber reform to tackle abuse by government and cybercrooks | The Daily Swig

Yesterday (October 29) marked the 50th anniversary of the first internet communication. During a speech delivered at the ‘Internet at 50’ event at UCLA, Leonard Kleinrock – distinguished professor of computer science at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering and the scientist who led the team that stood up the first internet node – bemoaned the debasement of a technology he helped to create.

As internet turns 50, its dark side stirs fears | LiveMint

The biggest challenge we have in front of us is that while we cope with big problems enabled by global connectivity that we don’t throw the baby out with the bath water

“lo” and Behold | CircleID

Happy 50th Internet! On October 29, 1969, at 10:30 p.m. Leonard Kleinrock, a professor of computer science at UCLA along with his graduate student Charley Kline sent a transmission from UCLA’s computer to another computer at Stanford Research Institute via ARPANET, the precursor to the internet. The message text was the word “login” however, on the very first attempt, only the letters “l” and the “o” were transmitted before the system crashed. The first transmitted message resulted in “lo” as in lo and behold, says Professor Kleinrock jokingly, remembering the day fifty years later — the moment “infant internet took its first breath of life”. The first permanent ARPANET link was eventually established on November 21, 1969. And the rest, as they say, is history!

How the internet was born in a tiny basement 50 years ago today | The Telegraph

The trio’s names are not as famous as those of Armstrong and Aldrin or even Michael Collins, the oft-forgotten third man on the Apollo 11 mission. But Robert Kahn, Leonard Kleinrock and Vint Cerf arguably had a far more dramatic impact. For their work established the building blocks of our networked world